Kindly note that this presentation of LEO has now been integrated with the InforMEA Portal.



A non-state or state actor invited to participate in a limited capacity in discussions during negotiations. Observers are not allowed to negotiate text and have no voting powers. In practice, some observer states do negotiate, although they do not participate in final decision making. (Source: Glossary of terms for Negotiators of MEAs, 2007)

Other relations

  • observer (CMS)

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